There is an argument mounted by environmental philosophers that states, more or less, that the root of our environmental problems stems from the false biblical view that humans were given dominion over the earth by God and that it was their duty to subdue it. In Genesis 1:28, for example, it states: “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.” Setting the environmental impact of this ideology aside, it is useful as a tool for analyzing Robinson Crusoe’s behaviors, e.g. his needless killing for sport, drowning kittens for convenience, and domesticating wild animals to name a few. Robinson is clearly portrayed by Defoe as endorsing the ideology that he has dominion over the earth and that his duty is to bring it under submission. This is exemplified every time Robinson admits that the island is his kingdom, which implies that he is sovereign ruler over everything on it. What does this have to do with bringing order to chaos? Nature, the wild, chaotic, unknown and savage, is to be ordered by man for man. Robinson Crusoe is more or less a story about bringing order to what is chaotic (even the chaos within ourselves). We begin with total chaos, the storm, and we progress toward everything from cheese and pottery-making, to agriculture, carpentry, and maintaining livestock. The most basic element of each of these things is the bringing of order, either through understanding or force. Agriculture was successful when he understood and ordered the seasons. Maintaining livestock was successful when he tamed or ordered the goats. Pottery-making was much more successful or more ordered when he devised a wheel. Did you notice Robinson’s overall obsession with creating order? He built a shelf, for instance, just to bring order to his belonging. He made earthenware and baskets to order his foods. He dug various compartments in his cave so that everything would have its place. I am interested to find out what all this hubbub about order will amount to by the end of the novel.